Eye Conditions

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A Guide to your Eyes

Everybody should have an eye test every two years.

If you

  • are Diabetic
  • are 40 years or over and have Glaucoma in the family,
  • are 70 years old or over

you should have your eyes tested every year.

Even if you feel as though your vision is fine and has not changed it is strongly advised that you have your eyes tested as it is not only your vision which is checked in an eye test but your optical health too.

Many eye conditions have no symptoms until it is too late so it is important that we have our eyes tested regularly. Conditions such as Glaucoma, Diabetes and high blood pressure can be identified via an eye test.

Common Eye Problems – Symptoms & Treatments:

Cataracts

As we get older, the lens in our eye gets cloudy so we can no longer see clearly. Once a cataract has reached ‘maturity’ your Optometrist will advise a Cataract Operation to remove the condition.

Macular Degeneration

Age-related Macular Degeneration affects the central part of your vision. You lose the ability to see fine detail when looking straight ahead. Treatment is limited, injections into the eye can slow down the rate at which it progresses.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is where the pressure in your eye, which controls the fluid in the eye, becomes raised. This can damage the optic nerves at the back of the eye, which carry signals back to the brain. Symptoms begin with the sufferer gradually losing their peripheral vision. Depending on the severity, drops can be used for the condition or a surgical procedure.

Raised Blood Pressure

This affects your eyes as it can cause little leakages of blood at the back of the eye, which can interfere with your vision. An eye test can detect the problem, it is usually managed through the GP and by maintaining a healthy diet combined with regular exercise.

Squints

A squint mainly affects young children. It’s where one eye is not working effectively and so is switched off by the brain. Left untreated this eye will never be work effectively and vision will always be poor. If the condition is treated before the age of 6 years, it can in some cases be eradicated. Symptoms include a turn in the eye. Parents are advised to take children for regular eye tests from an early age. Glasses can correct squints or in some cases a patch may be required.

Dry Eye

Dry eye is a syndrome where your tears evaporate too quickly or your eyes are not making enough tears. it is more common in older people. Symptoms include:

  • Grittiness
  • Red, sore eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Blurred vision

Drops prescribed through a GP can help or in severe cases surgery may be an option.

We hope this information has helped, should you need to speak to somebody about any symptoms you may have, please feel free to call us on 01257 263688. We will always be happy to help and advise.


 
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